Interference and correlation of two independent photons
CNRS - Laboratoire de Photonique et Nanostructures, Route de Nozay, 91460 Marcoussis, France
Corresponding author: a firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 17 December 2002
Two independent photons, produced through the spontaneous emission of two separate emitters subject to uncorrelated dephasing processes, can display two-photon interference (i.e. coalescence into a two-photon state) when they are incident simultaneously on a beamsplitter, in a manner analogous to that of twin photons produced through degenerate parametric fluorescence. The presence of dephasing processes, however, reduces the interference contrast (i.e. the probability of coalescence), by the ratio of the coherence time to the lifetime of the emitter.
PACS: 42.50.Dv – Nonclassical field states; squeezed, antibunched, and sub-Poissonian states; operational definitions of the phase of the field; phase measurements / 42.50.Ct – Quantum description of interaction of light and matter; related experiments / 78.67.Hc – Quantum dots
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2003