Charge transfer between alkali cluster ions and atoms in the 1 to 10 keV collisional energy range
Laboratoire Aimé Cotton, CNRS, Bâtiment 505, Campus d'Orsay, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France
Revised: 29 June 2000
Published online: 15 October 2000
The cross-sections for collisional charge transfer between singly charged free clusters M (M = Li, Na; n=1...50) and atomic targets A (cesium, potassium) have been measured as a function of collisional relative velocity in laboratory energy range 1-10 keV. For each cluster size, the experimental values of the charge transfer cross-section are fitted with an universal parametric curve with two independent parameters and vm, the maximum cross-section and the corresponding velocity. For small size clusters (), the characteristic parameters show strong variations with the number of atoms in the cluster. Abrupt dips observed for n=10 and n=22 are attributed to electronic properties. Charge transfer patterns observed for various collisional systems present similarities, which appear more sensitive to cluster quantum size effects than to collision energy defects. In their whole, the and vm parameters show differences in both their size evolution and their absolute values discussed in term of projectile and target electronic structures.
PACS: 36.40.-c – Atomic and molecular clusters / 36.40.Jn – Reactivity of clusters / 36.40.Cg – Electronic and magnetic properties of clusters / 34.70.+e – Charge transfer
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2000