Collective excitations of a degenerate Fermi vapour in a magnetic trap
di Fisica della Materia and Classe di Scienze, Scuola Normale Superiore,
Piazza dei Cavalieri 7, 56126 Pisa, Italy
Revised: 21 April 1999
Published online: 15 October 1999
We evaluate the small-amplitude excitations of a spin-polarized vapour of Fermi atoms confined inside a harmonic trap. The dispersion law is obtained for the vapour in the collisional regime inside a spherical trap of frequency , with n the number of radial nodes and the orbital angular momentum. The low-energy excitations are also treated in the case of an axially symmetric harmonic confinement. The collisionless regime is discussed with main reference to a Landau-Boltzmann equation for the Wigner distribution function: this equation is solved within a variational approach allowing an account of non-linearities. A comparative discussion of the eigenmodes of oscillation for confined Fermi and Bose vapours is presented in an Appendix.
PACS: 67.40.Db – Quantum statistical theory; ground state, elementary excitations
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 1999